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WiFi101

WiFi.ping()

Description

Ping a remote device on the network.

Syntax

WiFi.ping(ip);
WiFi.begin(ip, ttl);
WiFi.begin(host);
WiFi.begin(host, ttl);

Parameters

ip: the IP address to ping (array of 4 bytes)

host: the host to ping (string)

ttl: Time of live (optional, defaults to 128). Maximum number of routers the request can be forwarded to.

Returns

  • WL_PING_SUCCESS when the ping was successful
  • WL_PING_DEST_UNREACHABLE when the destination (IP or host is unreachable)
  • WL_PING_TIMEOUT when the ping times out
  • WL_PING_UNKNOWN_HOST when the host cannot be resolved via DNS
  • WL_PING_ERROR when an error occurs

Example

/*

  This example connects to a encrypted WiFi network (WPA/WPA2).
  Then it prints the  MAC address of the WiFi shield,
  the IP address obtained, and other network details.
  Then it continuously pings given host specified by IP Address or name.

  Circuit:
   WiFi shield attached / MKR1000

  created 13 July 2010
  by dlf (Metodo2 srl)
  modified 09 June 2016
  by Petar Georgiev
*/

#include <SPI.h>
#include <WiFi101.h>

#include "arduino_secrets.h"
///////please enter your sensitive data in the Secret tab/arduino_secrets.h
char ssid[] = SECRET_SSID;        // your network SSID (name)
char pass[] = SECRET_PASS;    // your network password (use for WPA, or use as key for WEP)
int status = WL_IDLE_STATUS;     // the WiFi radio's status

// Specify IP address or hostname
String hostName = "www.google.com";
int pingResult;

void setup() {
  // Initialize serial and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only
  }

  // check for the presence of the shield:
  if (WiFi.status() == WL_NO_SHIELD) {
    Serial.println("WiFi shield not present");
    // don't continue:
    while (true);
  }

  // attempt to connect to WiFi network:
  while ( status != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.print("Attempting to connect to WPA SSID: ");
    Serial.println(ssid);
    // Connect to WPA/WPA2 network:
    status = WiFi.begin(ssid, pass);

    // wait 5 seconds for connection:
    delay(5000);
  }

  // you're connected now, so print out the data:
  Serial.println("You're connected to the network");
  printCurrentNet();
  printWiFiData();
}

void loop() {
  Serial.print("Pinging ");
  Serial.print(hostName);
  Serial.print(": ");

  pingResult = WiFi.ping(hostName);

  if (pingResult >= 0) {
    Serial.print("SUCCESS! RTT = ");
    Serial.print(pingResult);
    Serial.println(" ms");
  } else {
    Serial.print("FAILED! Error code: ");
    Serial.println(pingResult);
  }

  delay(5000);
}

void printWiFiData() {
  // print your WiFi shield's IP address:
  IPAddress ip = WiFi.localIP();
  Serial.print("IP address : ");
  Serial.println(ip);

  Serial.print("Subnet mask: ");
  Serial.println((IPAddress)WiFi.subnetMask());

  Serial.print("Gateway IP : ");
  Serial.println((IPAddress)WiFi.gatewayIP());

  // print your MAC address:
  byte mac[6];
  WiFi.macAddress(mac);
  Serial.print("MAC address: ");
  Serial.print(mac[5], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(mac[4], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(mac[3], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(mac[2], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(mac[1], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.println(mac[0], HEX);
  Serial.println();
}

void printCurrentNet() {
  // print the SSID of the network you're attached to:
  Serial.print("SSID: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.SSID());

  // print the MAC address of the router you're attached to:
  byte bssid[6];
  WiFi.BSSID(bssid);
  Serial.print("BSSID: ");
  Serial.print(bssid[5], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(bssid[4], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(bssid[3], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(bssid[2], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.print(bssid[1], HEX);
  Serial.print(":");
  Serial.println(bssid[0], HEX);

  // print the received signal strength:
  long rssi = WiFi.RSSI();
  Serial.print("signal strength (RSSI): ");
  Serial.println(rssi);

  // print the encryption type:
  byte encryption = WiFi.encryptionType();
  Serial.print("Encryption Type: ");
  Serial.println(encryption, HEX);
  Serial.println();
}

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The text of the Arduino reference is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Code samples in the reference are released into the public domain.

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