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The microcontroller on the Arduino and Genuino boards have 512 bytes of EEPROM: memory whose values are kept when the board is turned off (like a tiny hard drive).

This example illustrates how to read the value of each byte EEPROM using the EEPROM.read() function, and how to print those values to the serial window of the Arduino Software (IDE).

Hardware Required

  • Arduino or Genuino Board


There is no circuit for this example.

image developed using Fritzing. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page


image developed using Fritzing. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page


 * EEPROM Read
 * Reads the value of each byte of the EEPROM and prints it
 * to the computer.
 * This example code is in the public domain.

#include <EEPROM.h>

// start reading from the first byte (address 0) of the EEPROM
int address = 0;
byte value;

void setup() {
  // initialize serial and wait for port to open:
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only

void loop() {
  // read a byte from the current address of the EEPROM
  value = EEPROM.read(address);

  Serial.print(value, DEC);

    Advance to the next address, when at the end restart at the beginning.

    Larger AVR processors have larger EEPROM sizes, E.g:
    - Arduno Duemilanove: 512b EEPROM storage.
    - Arduino Uno:        1kb EEPROM storage.
    - Arduino Mega:       4kb EEPROM storage.

    Rather than hard-coding the length, you should use the pre-provided length function.
    This will make your code portable to all AVR processors.

  address = address + 1;
  if (address == EEPROM.length()) {
    address = 0;

    As the EEPROM sizes are powers of two, wrapping (preventing overflow) of an
    EEPROM address is also doable by a bitwise and of the length - 1.

    ++address &= EEPROM.length() - 1;


See also

Last revision 2018/05/17 by SM