Serial.begin()

Description

Sets the data rate in bits per second (baud) for serial data transmission. For communicating with Serial Monitor, make sure to use one of the baud rates listed in the menu at the bottom right corner of its screen. You can, however, specify other rates - for example, to communicate over pins 0 and 1 with a component that requires a particular baud rate.

An optional second argument configures the data, parity, and stop bits. The default is 8 data bits, no parity, one stop bit.

Syntax

Serial.begin(speed)
Serial.begin(speed, config)

Parameters

Serial: serial port object. See the list of available serial ports for each board on the Serial main page.
speed: in bits per second (baud). Allowed data types: long.
config: sets data, parity, and stop bits. Valid values are:
SERIAL_5N1
SERIAL_6N1
SERIAL_7N1
SERIAL_8N1 (the default)
SERIAL_5N2
SERIAL_6N2
SERIAL_7N2
SERIAL_8N2
SERIAL_5E1
SERIAL_6E1
SERIAL_7E1
SERIAL_8E1
SERIAL_5E2
SERIAL_6E2
SERIAL_7E2
SERIAL_8E2
SERIAL_5O1
SERIAL_6O1
SERIAL_7O1
SERIAL_8O1
SERIAL_5O2
SERIAL_6O2
SERIAL_7O2
SERIAL_8O2

Returns

Nothing

Example Code

void setup() {
    Serial.begin(9600); // opens serial port, sets data rate to 9600 bps
}

void loop() {}

Arduino Mega example:

// Arduino Mega using all four of its Serial ports
// (Serial, Serial1, Serial2, Serial3),
// with different baud rates:

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial1.begin(38400);
  Serial2.begin(19200);
  Serial3.begin(4800);

  Serial.println("Hello Computer");
  Serial1.println("Hello Serial 1");
  Serial2.println("Hello Serial 2");
  Serial3.println("Hello Serial 3");
}
void loop() {}

Thanks to Jeff Gray for the mega example

Notes and Warnings

For USB CDC serial ports (e.g. Serial on the Leonardo), Serial.begin() is irrelevant. You can use any baud rate and configuration for serial communication with these ports. See the list of available serial ports for each board on the Serial main page.