Modulo operation calculates the remainder when one integer is divided by another. It is useful for keeping a variable within a particular range (e.g. the size of an array). The
% (percent) symbol is used to carry out modulo operation.
remainder = dividend % divisor;
remainder : variable. Allowed data types: int, float, double
dividend : variable or constant. Allowed data types: int
divisor : non zero variable or constant. Allowed data types: int