WiFiNINA - WiFi.ping()

Description

Ping a remote device on the network.

Syntax

WiFi.ping(ip);
WiFi.ping(ip, ttl);
WiFi.ping(host);
WiFi.ping(host, ttl);

Parameters

ip: the IP address to ping (array of 4 bytes) host: the host to ping (string) ttl: Time of live (optional, defaults to 128). Maximum number of routers the request can be forwarded to.

Returns

WL_PING_SUCCESS when the ping was successful WL_PING_DEST_UNREACHABLE when the destination (IP or host is unreachable) WL_PING_TIMEOUT when the ping times out WL_PING_UNKNOWN_HOST when the host cannot be resolved via DNS WL_PING_ERROR when an error occurs

Example

/*
  This example connects to an encrypted WiFi network (WPA/WPA2).
  Then it prints the MAC address of the board,
  the IP address obtained, and other network details.
  Then it continuously pings given host specified by IP Address or name.

  Circuit:
  * Board with NINA module (Arduino MKR WiFi 1010, MKR VIDOR 4000 and UNO WiFi Rev.2)

  created 13 July 2010
  by dlf (Metodo2 srl)
  modified 09 June 2016
  by Petar Georgiev
*/
#include <SPI.h>
#include <WiFiNINA.h>

#include "arduino_secrets.h"
///////please enter your sensitive data in the Secret tab/arduino_secrets.h
char ssid[] = SECRET_SSID;        // your network SSID (name)
char pass[] = SECRET_PASS;    // your network password (use for WPA, or use as key for WEP)
int status = WL_IDLE_STATUS;     // the WiFi radio's status

// Specify IP address or hostname
String hostName = "www.google.com";
int pingResult;

void setup() {
  // Initialize serial and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only
  }

  // check for the WiFi module:
  if (WiFi.status() == WL_NO_MODULE) {
    Serial.println("Communication with WiFi module failed!");
    // don't continue
    while (true);
  }

  String fv = WiFi.firmwareVersion();
  if (fv < WIFI_FIRMWARE_LATEST_VERSION) {
    Serial.println("Please upgrade the firmware");
  }

  // attempt to connect to WiFi network:
  while ( status != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.print("Attempting to connect to WPA SSID: ");
    Serial.println(ssid);
    // Connect to WPA/WPA2 network:
    status = WiFi.begin(ssid, pass);

    // wait 5 seconds for connection:
    delay(5000);
  }

  // you're connected now, so print out the data:
  Serial.println("You're connected to the network");
  printCurrentNet();
  printWiFiData();
}

void loop() {
  Serial.print("Pinging ");
  Serial.print(hostName);
  Serial.print(": ");

  pingResult = WiFi.ping(hostName);

  if (pingResult >= 0) {
    Serial.print("SUCCESS! RTT = ");
    Serial.print(pingResult);
    Serial.println(" ms");
  } else {
    Serial.print("FAILED! Error code: ");
    Serial.println(pingResult);
  }

  delay(5000);
}

void printWiFiData() {
  // print your board's IP address:
  IPAddress ip = WiFi.localIP();
  Serial.print("IP address : ");
  Serial.println(ip);

  Serial.print("Subnet mask: ");
  Serial.println((IPAddress)WiFi.subnetMask());

  Serial.print("Gateway IP : ");
  Serial.println((IPAddress)WiFi.gatewayIP());

  // print your MAC address:
  byte mac[6];
  WiFi.macAddress(mac);
  Serial.print("MAC address: ");
  printMacAddress(mac);
}

void printCurrentNet() {
  // print the SSID of the network you're attached to:
  Serial.print("SSID: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.SSID());

  // print the MAC address of the router you're attached to:
  byte bssid[6];
  WiFi.BSSID(bssid);
  Serial.print("BSSID: ");
  printMacAddress(bssid);
  // print the received signal strength:
  long rssi = WiFi.RSSI();
  Serial.print("signal strength (RSSI): ");
  Serial.println(rssi);

  // print the encryption type:
  byte encryption = WiFi.encryptionType();
  Serial.print("Encryption Type: ");
  Serial.println(encryption, HEX);
  Serial.println();
}

void printMacAddress(byte mac[]) {
  for (int i = 5; i >= 0; i--) {
    if (mac[i] < 16) {
      Serial.print("0");
    }
    Serial.print(mac[i], HEX);
    if (i > 0) {
      Serial.print(":");
    }
  }
  Serial.println();
}