Constructs an instance of the String class. There are multiple versions that construct Strings from different data types (i.e. format them as sequences of characters), including:
a constant string of characters, in double quotes (i.e. a char array)
a single constant character, in single quotes
another instance of the String object
a constant integer or long integer
a constant integer or long integer, using a specified base
an integer or long integer variable
an integer or long integer variable, using a specified base
a float or double, using a specified decimal places
Constructing a String from a number results in a string that contains the ASCII representation of that number. The default is base ten, so
String thisString = String(13);
gives you the String "13". You can use other bases, however. For example,
String thisString = String(13, HEX);
gives you the String "D", which is the hexadecimal representation of the decimal value 13. Or if you prefer binary,
String thisString = String(13, BIN);
gives you the String "1101", which is the binary representation of 13.
val: a variable to format as a String. Allowed data types: string, char, byte, int, long, unsigned int, unsigned long, float, double.
base: (optional) the base in which to format an integral value.
decimalPlaces: only if val is float or double. The desired decimal places.
An instance of the String class.