-

[Arithmetic Operators]

Description

Subtraction is one of the four primary arithmetic operations. The operator - (minus) operates on two operands to produce the difference of the second from the first.

Syntax

difference = operand1 - operand2;

Parameters

difference : variable. Allowed data types: int, float, double, byte, short, long
operand1 : variable or constant. Allowed data types: int, float, double, byte, short, long
operand2 : variable or constant. Allowed data types: int, float, double, byte, short, long

Example Code

int a = 5, b = 10, c = 0;
c = a - b; // the variable 'c' gets a value of -5 after this statement is executed

Notes and Warnings

  1. The subtraction operation can overflow if the result is smaller than that which can be stored in the data type (e.g. subtracting 1 from an integer with the value -32,768 gives 32,767).

  2. If one of the numbers (operands) are of the type float or of type double, floating point math will be used for the calculation.

  3. If the operands are of float / double data type and the variable that stores the difference is an integer, then only the integral part is stored and the fractional part of the number is lost.

float a = 5.5, b = 6.6;
int c = 0;
c = a - b; // the variable 'c' stores a value of -1 only as opposed to the expected difference of -1.1

See also